Narrowing the Development Gap: Follow-Up Monitor of the ASEAN Framework for Equitable Economic Development

Narrowing the Development Gap: Follow-up Monitor of the ASEAN Framework for Equitable Economic Development cover.

Since the Asian financial crisis in 1996–1997 and through the global financial crisis of 2007–2008, members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have recorded laudable economic and human development progress, both within and across economies. However, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has reversed some of these development gains.

Building on a previous study released in 2014, this report assesses 39 indicators that consider dimensions such as overall human development, gender equality, climate change, and living conditions. The report intends to help policy makers pinpoint priority development interventions and to align strategies to support regional recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. It highlights the need for the 10 ASEAN member states to increase investments in areas such as skills development, education, health, and nutrition.


  • Background
  • Overall Human Development
  • Material Well-Being
  • Employment and Working Conditions
  • Access to Finance
  • Health and Nutrition
  • Education
  • Digital Access and Skills
  • Gender Equality
  • Living Conditions
  • Social Safety Nets
  • Environment and Climate Change
  • Governance
  • Overall Progress in Narrowing the Development Gap
  • Ways Forward

Published May 2023.
Source: Asian Development Bank

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