Leveraging School Principals to Address Learning Loss in Indonesia through Group and Individual Targeting


In Indonesia, COVID-19 pandemic-induced school closures led to a significant loss of learning among students, necessitating remedial learning programs. 

This working paper explores whether differentiated remedial teaching can improve the foundational numeracy skills of students and if the improvements would be better in schools with added individual tutoring. It also examines whether additional training of school principals would strengthen the results. 


  • Introduction
  • Research Design
  • Implementation
  • Findings
  • Conclusions and Recommendations

Published June 2023.
Source: Asian Development Bank Institute 

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