Malaysia Ageing and Retirement Survey Wave 2 (2021–2022): Survey Report


Malaysia is experiencing a change in demographic profile with a steady increase in the number and proportion of the older population. Total population increased by 13.6% from 28.6 million in 2010 to 32.5 million in 2019 and is projected to reach 37 million by 2030 and 41.5 million by 2040 (Department of Statistics Malaysia 2020).

Drawing on the results of the Malaysia Ageing and Retirement Survey Wave 2, this report analyzes the health and socioeconomic well-being of older adults and recommends ways Malaysia can provide affordable care for its steadily ageing population.

Based on face-to-face and telephone interviews with nearly 5,000 people aged over 40, it offers detailed information on their living arrangements, daily activities, and economic security, to help understand the evolving needs and challenges of older people. It explains how introducing a basic universal pension, rolling out health campaigns, and devising community incentive programs could help Malaysia support and protect its ageing population.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • MARS Wave 2 Respondents
  • Family
  • Work and Economic Security
  • Health and Health-Care Utilization
  • Functional Capacity
  • Psychosocial and Opinions on Aging
  • Social Protection and Impacts of COVID-19
  • Key Findings and Policy Implications

Published August 2023.
Source: Asian Development Bank  

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